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Brain Scans

Specialised Services

Electroencephalography (EEG)

An EEG is a test that monitors electrical activity in the brain. It detects and records brain wave patterns. This is done by placing small discs with wires (electrodes) on the scalp. It is not painful. Neurologists use EEG recordings to diagnose and monitor seizure disorders. Other problems, such as behavioural and sleep disorders, can also be studied with an EEG. We also provide overnight in-hospital video EEG monitoring for more complex cases.

Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) and Electromyography (EMG)

NCS are used to evaluate peripheral nerve damage and dysfunction. Peripheral nerves are nerves that are found outside of the brain and spinal cord, such as in the arms and legs. Electrical dysfunction of these peripheral nerves may cause pain, tingling or muscle weakness. NCS measure how fast and strong impulses travel through these peripheral nerves. EMG further detects how well muscles respond to electrical impulses. NCS and EMG are often performed prior to nerve surgery to correctly identify problem areas.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

DBS is a procedure whereby electrodes are surgically placed into certain areas of the brain. Certain patients with Parkinson's disease, tremors and dystonia (uncontrollable muscle contractions) may benefit greatly from this procedure. We provide pre-operative evaluation and post-operative management of DBS patients. The surgical procedure can also be provided at Mediclinic Constantiaberg hospital.

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